Melasma is a skin condition that frequently affects pregnant women and anyone who has spent too much time in the sun. Melasma can appear anywhere on your body where the skin is exposed to sunlight.
In addition, hormonal imbalances in pregnant women or those taking hormonal birth control frequently cause melasma, which manifests as dark spots and colored patches of skin. This is sometimes referred to as the pregnant mask.
Melasma may occasionally be a symptom of malnutrition and poor liver health. Brown to gray spots on the neck, forearms, chin, above the upper lip, cheeks, forehead, or on the bridge of the nose are symptoms of this skin condition, which are challenging to treat.
Melasma is more prevalent in women and might last even after giving birth.
Like other skin conditions, melasma can be treated with chemical peels, exterior lotions, laser therapy, skin protection, hormone replacement therapy, and dietary balancing.
Before treating your melasma, speak with a dermatologist or medical professional. The following four simple steps include advice on improving and preventing melasma.
Consult a dermatologist or medical professional about your melasma. You will likely be recommended to take a blood test to look for nutritional deficiencies and impaired liver function that could be the root of this condition.
Melasma could also be a negative side effect of your medication. Confirm this with your doctor.
Eat folate-rich foods. Melasma may result from folate or folic acid deficiency. Women on birth control, pregnant, or who consume an inadequate diet may have low B vitamin levels.
Among the foods high in folate are whole grains, nuts, citrus fruits, and green leafy vegetables. Your doctor may also recommend you start taking a folic acid supplement.
Your diet should have a healthy balance of copper. Copper encourages the skin’s melanin production.
Therefore, high levels of this mineral can result in excessive skin pigmentation.
Copper should not be consumed separately if it is present in your multivitamin. Never exceed the daily copper recommendations of:
- 900 mcg for adults,
- 1,000 mcg for pregnant women,
- and 1,300 mcg for breastfeeding mothers.
Consume foods high in vitamin C and iron, or take supplements of these nutrients to lower excessive copper levels.
Start eating more foods high in vitamins C and E. These antioxidant-rich foods aid in repairing skin damage from the UV rays, which can result in melasma.
These vitamins are present in foods such as kiwis, blueberries, citrus fruits, nuts, vibrantly colored veggies, and fish. Before self-treating, have your melasma diagnosed by a professional.
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